The Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) is negotiated on a bilateral basis between the United States and its NATO allies or coalition partners, allowing U.S. forces to exchange the most common types of assistance, including food, fuel, transportation, ammunition and equipment. The agreement does not commit a country to take military action. STAs also exist between third countries. Japan and South Korea have both formed ACSAs with countries other than the United States.  In a joint statement at the end of a bilateral summit between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe, India and Japan, published at the end of a bilateral summit between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe, you have agreed to open formal negotiations on a so-called acquisition and cross-country service agreement (ACSA) that would allow the Indian military and the Japan Self Defense Force (JSDF) to use the other party`s bases for logistical support. The ARLS with Russia is expected to be signed at the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin in September on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Russia. Last month, a delegation led by Secretary of State Jiwesh Nandan visited Russia to conclude the agreement, according to the Defense Ministry in its monthly report. Moscow had sent a draft agreement early last year, and the MoD sent it in July to the Integrated Defence Staff and the three services for their positions. CASA was discussed at the annual dialogue between the defence ministers of India and Japan in New Delhi last August, at which representatives of both countries agreed that the rapid conclusion of the agreement was in the interests of New Delhi and Tokyo.
ASCA was also on the agenda of a meeting of Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Doval with his Japanese counterpart Shotaro Yachi earlier this month in New Delhi. In a statement from Japan`s Foreign Ministry, he said the agreement would promote closer cooperation between the two countries` military and allow them to actively contribute to international peace and security. “If we get the LSA, it will go a long way to facilitating future activity, which means that the scale of the activity involved means that the paperwork is quite huge,” diplomatic sources said. A diplomatic source said last year that a refuelling exercise between the two marines last year had “become a modeling exercise, because we couldn`t really switch on fuel because we didn`t have an agreement on logistics.” The agreements with Australia and Russia will largely be modeled on the United States, while the agreement with Japan is a broader agreement of cooperation in the field of defense, including logistics, said a second official. The agreement provides for the creation of a framework for closer cooperation and interoperability and does not allow military personnel from both countries to use each other`s bases and facilities for repair and replenishment of supplies, the official said. The signing of the agreement comes at a time when India is caught up in a bitter border dispute with China and countries in the region are increasingly concerned about China`s persuasive power in the Indo-Pacific region. India signed the Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA) with the United States in August 2016, after decades of negotiations. Since then, it has concluded several such agreements with France, Oman, the Philippines and Singapore and has gained access to the port of Sabang in Indonesia.
New Delhi and Tokyo have formally agreed to enter into negotiations for an acquisition and cross-service agreement. Defense officials said the pact was long overdue because of deep defense and strategic cooperation between the two countries. The Russian agreement gives India access to its Facilities in the Arctic, which foresees an increase in global activity, due to the opening of new shipping routes and available resources, said a third official.