This verse does not say that God is present when there are two or more people. Or god give what we ask if two or more people agree. Rather, it is a process that we must follow if there are conflicts and a promise that God is with us as we go through this process. It sounds good, but when you think about it, you start to hear the discord. If God is with us only if two or more believers are gathered, what happens if I pray alone? We know that when the Church makes communion and worship of Christ, he is there, and we know that he is there every time a believer prays in private. This raises the question: is this verse beyond prayer? This does not mean that Jesus does not hear our prayers when we pray alone or with two or three people, etc. He`s doing it. But this means that this special verse does not speak of the presence of Jesus in prayer, but of his presence in the ecclesial discipline. For where two or three are gathered in my name, I am in the midst of them. Matthew`s original audience probably consisted mainly of Jewish believers and some pagan believers; His Gospel was also an evangelical instrument for Jews who did not yet believe as well, as well as good news for pagans who did not believe. The Jews who read the Gospel of Matthew would have known immediately that this section concerned ecclesiastical discipline. What for? For the passage would have reminded them of passages in Deuteronomy that concern the law.
Deuteronomy 17 and 19 are talking about two or three witnesses gathered to testify in court. Witnesses were required to establish a case in court. 1 Corinthians 5:4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, John 20:19:26 In the evening, the first day of the week, when the doors were closed where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came, stood in the middle, and said to them: Peace to you! Note in Matthew 18:20: Jesus uses this old Jewish principle to testify in court – two or three must agree with each other – and applies this legal glue to the collection “in his name.” If these two or three thousand people come together and agree that they all believe in the same Jesus, his authority is present and they are a Church capable of exercising the keys. This protects the who and what from the Gospel. He does not leave it to everyone to account for the Gospel. That`s what I hear most often. Often, at a meeting, a church leader says that God is present with them because there are two or more. “This procedure comes from Deut 19:15.
If you take “one or two people,” it added to “two or three witnesses.” Not eyewitnesses to sin, but those who can testify to the attempt at reconciliation. And 18:20 “While Christ is present, even the smallest gathering of his people, but his point in this context is that heaven is in harmony (v.19) with the faithful who follow his instructions regarding ecclesiastical discipline. “He who deserves death will be killed on the testimony of two or three witnesses; it should not be put on the testimony of a witness. Deuteronomy 17:6 And if you can take two or three friends with you, so much the better.