The Employment and Social Insurance Act was passed in 1935 by the government of R.B. Bennett as a Canadian unemployment insurance program during the Great Depression. However, the Supreme Court of Canada declared it unconstitutional because unemployment was classified as an insurance matter under the jurisdiction of the province. After an amendment to the Constitution was passed by all provinces, a reference to unemployment insurance was added to federally independent cases under the Constitution Act of 1867, and the first Canadian system was adopted in 1940. Because of these problems, Canada is the last major Western country to have an employment insurance system in place. It was greatly expanded by Pierre Trudeau in 1971, which made it easier to obtain. The system was sometimes called 10/42 because it took 10 weeks to get benefits for the other 42 weeks of the year. It was also in 1971 that the UI programme was first opened to maternity and sickness benefits, for 15 weeks each. This period can vary considerably depending on the different German pension requirements. For example: 45 years for the old-age pension for long-term policyholders and 5 years for the normal old-age pension. Under EU law, German insurance periods and waiting periods in other Member States are taken into account when calculating these legal periods. The law with the countries of agreement contains similar provisions.
Sweden uses the Genitor system, under which a significant proportion of unemployment benefits are distributed by trade union unemployment funds. Unemployment benefit is subdivided into a voluntary scheme, with compensation proportional to income up to a certain level and a comprehensive system offering lower basic coverage. The voluntary system requires at least 12 months of affiliation and 6 months of employment during this period before rights can be claimed. Employers pay in addition to tax revenue upstream from their employees who, together with membership dues, finance the system (see unemployment fund in Sweden). If you apply for a pension in one country and you have insurance periods in several Member States or contracting countries, this application is also considered a corresponding pension application in the other country. In other words, all you have to do is make an app. The insurance agency with which you apply informs other foreign insurance agencies and initiates the pension procedure.